human growth hormones
Written By: Editor Last Updated On: 11/08/19

The growth hormone is among the most important hormones in the human body. It is basically the hormone that makes us look youthful and energetic. However, medical experts say that too much of it may have some side effects to the body such as high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, and too much growth in some body parts.

pituitary glandHGH is produced by the pituitary gland and helps in body composition, tissue and muscle growth, sugar and fat metabolism, body fluids regulation, and heart functions. It also has an influence on height development.

The human growth hormone also helps process proteins and increases the breakdown of fats to help provide the energy needed for tissue growth. Physical activity can cause HGH levels to rise naturally. The deficiency of HGH has been found to cause dwarfism, which is why it is also known as growth hormone deficiency.

Sleep, stress and low blood sugar levels may affect your HGH levels.

Why People Use Human Growth Hormone

  • To slow the aging process
  • It helps process protein and increases fat breakdown to help provide the energy needed for tissue growth.
  • To increase sex drive
  • To improve bone density

In Children

pituitary gland illustrationIf you are keen, you will notice that there are children who grow up just about normally and then there are those who have a slow growth rate. The latter means that they are unable to produce enough growth hormone when they are born and continue to have low levels throughout their life. There are also some genetic factors that may contribute to low production of the growth hormone in children.

The deficiency of the growth hormone in children may also be associated with the deficiency of other pituitary hormones, especially those that control the adrenal and thyroid glands. This may result in more severe signs and symptoms than those that would normally be associated with the growth hormone.

Some of the symptoms of HGH deficiency include:

  • An immature appearance when compared to peers of the same age
  • A chubby body build
  • A prominent forehead
  • Short stature

Treatment of growth hormone deficiency involves regular injections of synthetic human growth hormone on a daily basis for a given period of time. Treatment usually lasts for years, although results may be seen from three to four months after the injections are started.

In Adults

Lack of growth hormone in adults may be due to a damaged pituitary gland. It may also be due to radiation therapy, a head injury, or an infection from meningitis. Lower levels of HGH in adults may cause the following effects.

  • Increased fat around the waist
  • Increased risk of heart diseases
  • Weak muscles and bones
  • Reduced cognitive functions and loss of memory

muscle joint aches painsThe symptoms may present themselves as muscle aches, joint discomforts, swelling of the hands, feet, and headaches. The most common treatment is using HGH injections.

The main goal for this hormone is to restore energy, metabolism, and enhance body development and shape. It may also help in reducing the overall body fats most especially those around the belly.

With the above information, we can, therefore, conclude that taking human growth hormones as an adult along with exercises may help strengthen your bones along with increased bone density. But to a child, this hormone may be used to help them grow taller.